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Sustainable Development and Canada at the G7 Summit

Pierre Marc Johnson and John Kirton

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Munich 1992 and the Canadian Contribution

At Munich in 1992, the environment disappeared as a Summit priority, although Prime Minister Mulroney, in his opening statement to his colleagues, did call for a credible followup to Rio, action to address the ecological disaster caused partly by Europeans and Koreans in Canada's east coast fishery, and a demonstration that the G7 had not forgotten the less developed countries (LDCs). After this opening, however, the leaders did not discuss the environment. They left it to their personal representatives, or "sherpas", at their final meeting to add to the communiqué passages on biodiversity, forestry and satellite sensing, energy, and, as Canada's particular contribution, support for an international conference on straddling and migratory fish stocks.

In the development field, the leaders, drawing on the work of their G7 finance sherpas, agreed on slightly expanded "Trinidad Terms" that added four lower middle income countries (Congo, Cameroon, Côte D'Ivoire, and Nigeria) to those eligible for debt relief, and created a fourth "Toronto Term" option in the form of a USApreferred 25year payment with 16 years grace.

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