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University of Toronto

2021 G7 Cornwall Goals Set and Met

Compiled by Meagan Byrd, Chair of Summit Studies, G7 Research Group
June 15, 2021

Introduction

The G7 2021 Cornwall Summit Goals Meet and Set Report is prepared by the G7 Research Group based at the University of Toronto. Using the Goals Set report published on June 1, 2021, it provides a qualitative assessment of how well these goals were achieved at the Cornwall Summit on June 11–13, 2021.

The Goals Set and Met Report includes averages by country and by issue to produce an overall evaluation score for the summit as a whole.

G7 Research Group analysts based the goals by subject on priorities expressed in the Cornwall Summit agenda as published by the United Kingdom's presidency and also priorities carried over from previous summits, as well as corresponding priorities expressed through global commitments such as the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Sustainable Development Goals. The goals by member are drawn from national policy addresses (i.e., State of the Union Address, Speech from the Throne, etc.), speeches in public forums such as the United Nations General Assembly and the World Economic Forum, news releases and readouts, and other publicly available information. Five to six priority goals have been identified and ranked for each subject and member (see Tables 1 and 2). They are expressed as closely as possible to the style of language used in G7 outcome documents, to facilitate the assessment of the goals met at Cornwall Summit, using the standard matching methodology developed and applied by the G7 Research Group.

Scores are not weighted and calculated according to the following scheme:

A+ 90% B+ 78% C+ 68% D+ 58% F 45%
A   85% B   75% C   65% D   55%   
A− 80% B− 70% C− 60% D− 50%  

Table 1: Goals Set by Subject

Subject

Number of Goals Set

Average Score

Health

5

A−

82%

Climate change

5

A

85%

Environment

5

B

77%

Energy

5

B+

79%

Development

5

A+

90%

Gender

6

A

84%

Economy

5

B+

79%

Trade

6

B+

79%

Digital

5

B

76%

Crime

5

C+

68%

Terrorism

5

B−

71%

Proliferation 

5

D−

52%

Regional security

5

B+

79%

Total

67

B+

77%

Table 2: Goals Set by G7 Member

G7 Member

Number of Goals Set

Average Score

Canada

5

A−

83%

France

5

A

86%

Germany

5

A−

83%

Italy

5

A

87%

Japan

5

A

85%

United Kingdom

5

A

85%

United States

5

A

87%

European Union

5

A

85%

Total

40

A

85%

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Assessments: Goals Set By Subject

For the 2021 Cornwall Summit to be assessed as successful on these subjects, the outcome documents needed to match the text of goals set as closely as possible. They are listed here in order of importance.

Health: A−

Meagan Byrd

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We reaffirm our commitment to enhance our efforts to strengthen health systems in our countries and globally.

"In this spirit, we endorse the 2021 Carbis Bay Progress Report from the G7 Accountability Working Group, reporting on G7 commitments to strengthen health systems to advance universal health coverage and global health. We look forward to the next Comprehensive Progress Report from the G7 Accountability working group in 2022."

B

2. We will pool epidemiologic data in order to research and understand the origin of the COVID-19.

"We will harness the power and potential of data, digital technologies, science and research to improve prevention, detection and response to future pandemic threats."

A

3. We reaffirm our support for the World Health Organization in its global mandate to lead on disease outbreaks and health emergencies.

"We therefore commit both to strengthen global action now to fight COVID-19, and to take further tangible steps to improve our collective defences against future threats and to bolster global health and health security. This includes strengthening the World Health Organization (WHO) and supporting it in its leading and coordinating role in the global health system."

B

4. We commit to building back better in response to the COVID-19 pandemic through the creation of an expanded comprehensive healthcare system, including the creation of universal health coverage in our countries and globally.

"We recognise the importance of access to health services, leaving no one behind by advancing the achievement of Universal Health Coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals"

A+

5. We will increase efforts to develop and export COVID-19 vaccines to developing countries.

"We will work together to invest in innovation now with the aim of making safe and effective vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics available within 100 days of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) being declared, consistent with our core principles of equitable access and high regulatory standards, and noting the unpredictable nature of future health emergencies."

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Climate Change: A

Gurleen Mann

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We commit to protecting 30% of our land and oceans by 2030, to build a sustainable future.

"We commit to net zero no later than 2050, halving our collective emissions over the two decades to 2030, increasing and improving climate finance to 2025; and to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of our land and oceans by 2030. We acknowledge our duty to safeguard the planet for future generations."

A

2. We commit to 'build back better' by adapting our economies to achieve a net zero G7 by 2050 at the latest.

"We commit to net zero no later than 2050, halving our collective emissions over the two decades to 2030, increasing and improving climate finance to 2025; and to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of our land and oceans by 2030. We acknowledge our duty to safeguard the planet for future generations."

A

3. We reaffirm our commitment to providing financial assistance to vulnerable and less-developed countries for climate finance and adaptation, and will work to increase financial aid allocation towards climate finance.

"We commit to net zero no later than 2050, halving our collective emissions over the two decades to 2030, increasing and improving climate finance to 2025; and to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of our land and oceans by 2030. We acknowledge our duty to safeguard the planet for future generations."

A

4. We will work together to halt and reverse biodiversity loss on land and in our oceans, in collaboration with developing and vulnerable countries

"We, the G7 Leaders, commit to the global mission to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030. We will act now, building on the G7 Metz Charter on Biodiversity and the Leaders' Pledge for Nature, championing their delivery, to help set the necessary trajectory for nature to 2030."

A

5. We commit to promoting green and sustainable technologies, nationally and internationally, as part of a climate-safe COVID-19 recovery plan.

"Climate change is one key driver of biodiversity loss, and protecting, conserving and restoring biodiversity is crucial to addressing climate change. Ahead of COP15 and COP26, as we embark upon this pivotal decade, we commit to tackle these interdependent and mutually reinforcing crises in an integrated manner, thereby contributing to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and a green, inclusive and resilient recovery from COVID-19."

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Environment: B

Nammal Khan

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We commit to take appropriate action, either jointly or individually, to halt and prevent additional biodiversity loss.

"We, the G7 Leaders, commit to the global mission to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030."

A+

2. We are committed to take national action to protect 30% of our land and oceans by 2030.

"We commit to champion ambitious and effective global biodiversity targets, including conserving or protecting at least 30 per cent of global land and at least 30 per cent of the global ocean by 2030."

A−

3. We commit to engage with the private and public sector, civil society and other G7 members to protect our marine and terrestrial environments.

"We will contribute by conserving or protecting at least 30 per cent of our own land, including terrestrial and inland waters, and coastal and marine areas by 2030 according to national circumstances and approaches."

B+

4. We reaffirm our commitment to the G7 Oceans Plastic Charter to address marine plastic litter through nature or science-based solutions, knowledge development and sharing, and the adoption of a comprehensive life-cycle approach.

"We will support the transition to sustainable management and use of natural resources, and use appropriate levers to address unsustainable and illegal activities negatively impacting nature, and therefore livelihoods. This includes stepping up action to tackle increasing levels of plastic pollution in the ocean, including working through the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA) on options including strengthening existing instruments and a potential new agreement or other instrument to address marine plastic litter, including at UNEA-5.2."

F

5. We commit to leveraging innovative solutions and financing to establish resilient and quality infrastructure along coastlines and coastal communities.

 

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Energy: B+

Dorota Borovsky

Score

Goal

Match

C

1. We reaffirm our commitment to work towards Sustainable Development Goal 7, Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all, both domestically and within the international community.

"…domestically we have committed to rapidly scale-up technologies and policies that further accelerate the transition away from unabated coal capacity, consistent with our 2030 NDCs and net zero commitments. This transition must go hand in hand with policies and support for a just transition for affected workers, and sectors so that no person, group or geographic region is left behind."

A

2. We are committed to continue reducing our reliance on non-renewable natural resources including oil, natural gas, coal, and nuclear sources, while also financially assisting countries which extract and export these resources around the world in order to aid and secure this transition.

"Domestically, we commit to achieve an overwhelmingly decarbonised power system in the 2030s and to actions to accelerate this. Internationally, we commit to aligning official international financing with the global achievement of net zero GHG emissions no later than 2050 and for deep emissions reductions in the 2020s."

A

3. We continue to work towards our goal of eliminating fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 as set at the G7 2016 Ise-Shima Summit, while increasing subsidies for renewable energy sources to make them more accessible and affordable across member states.

"In our energy sectors, we will increase energy efficiency, accelerate renewable and other zero emissions energy deployment, reduce wasteful consumption, leverage innovation all whilst maintaining energy security."

A

4. We are committed to developing and/or improving sustainable energy access in developing countries which rely heavily on non-renewable energy sources as a means of economic stimulation, energy independence, and reducing reliance on these energy sources across the globe.

"Achieving our collective ambitions of a global green and resilient recovery offers the greatest economic opportunity of our time to boost income, innovation, jobs, productivity and growth while also accelerating action to tackle the existential threat of climate change and environmental degradation."

B

 

5. We commit to investing in research which will make existing energy sources (both renewable and non-renewable) cleaner, safer, and more sustainable, while also investing in new means of energy production.

"We will lead a technology-driven transition to Net Zero, noting the clear roadmap provided by the International Energy Agency and prioritising the most urgent and polluting sectors and activities."

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Development: A+

Maryanna Diab

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We are committed to building back better support on vulnerable issues that have been magnified due to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in developing countries focusing on least developed countries.

"Our international priority is to accelerate the rollout of safe and effective, accessible and affordable vaccines for the poorest countries...We reiterate our endorsement of the G20 Rome Declaration and the statement agreed by our Foreign and Development Ministers on equitable access… We reaffirm our support for the ACT-A and its COVAX Facility as the primary route for providing vaccines to the poorest countries"

A+

2. We aim to unite the leading democracies to champion the building of global shared values revolving around human rights, in a post-pandemic era.

"We will strengthen coordination on and support for the implementation and development of global norms and standards to ensure that the use and evolution of new technologies reflects our shared democratic values and commitment to open and competitive markets, strong safeguards including for human rights and fundamental freedoms."

A+

3. We understand the importance of leading and developing global recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, we aim to strengthen and develop the infrastructure and financing required to improve our responses to future pandemics.

"We recognise the significant infrastructure needs across low and middle income countries, which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Reflecting our shared values and shared vision, we will aim for a step change in our approach to infrastructure financing, notably on quality infrastructure and investment, to strengthen partnerships with developing countries and help meet their infrastructure needs."

A+

4. We reiterate the vitality of global development through the Sustainable Development Goals in all G7 members. We acknowledge the importance of building on existing policy initiatives and developing innovative strategies in financing and infrastructure.

"We will work together as part of an ongoing agenda towards a trusted, values-driven digital ecosystem for the common good that enhances prosperity in a way that is sustainable, inclusive, transparent and human-centric.In doing so we will make it a sustained strategic priority to update our regulatory frameworks and work together with other relevant stakeholders, including young people, to ensure digital ecosystems evolve in a way that reflects our shared values."

A+

5. We aim to promote future prosperity through supporting debt relief for the poorest countries in order to ensure a focus on sustainable economic development globally, as outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals.

"COVID-19 has exacerbated underlying inequalities, leading to one of the worst education crises in history for children around the world, but especially for the most marginalised and at risk girls...We commit to two new global SDG4 milestone girls' education targets: 40 million more girls in education by 2026 in low and lower-middle income countries; and 20 million more girls reading by age 10 or the end of primary school by 2026, in low and lower-middle income countries."

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Gender: A

Samantha Moura Novais de Quadros

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We commit to working with the international community to further advance gender equality, advancing the Women, Peace and Security agenda, and working with close alignment with the goals of the 2021 Generation Equality Forum.

"Our democratic systems are strong and resilient, but we cannot be complacent – we address our own vulnerabilities and tackle common threats. In this spirit, we commit to cooperate together and with partners to … Prioritise gender equality, women's empowerment and the full enjoyment of human rights for women and girls in the global recovery, as well as disability inclusion and equal opportunities for young people in education and employment."

A

2. We reaffirm our commitment to Sustainable Development Goal 5, particularly Target 5.5, and call for the full, equal, active and meaningful participation and leadership of women and women's rights organization's at local, national, and international decision-making in the COVID-19 recovery. This includes meaningful participation and leadership in COVID-19 taskforces, the development, delivery and review of gender-responsive recovery action plans and initiatives, climate action and initiatives, and humanitarian response and crisis management.

"The advancement of gender equity and equality are a central pillar of our plans and policies to build back better, informed by three key priorities: educating girls, empowering women and ending violence against women and girls. Achieving gender equality needs to be underpinned by the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in all aspects of decision-making. We are committed to close alignment with the Generation Equality Forum (GEF) and commend the organisation of the first G20 Ministerial Conference on women's empowerment."

A+

3. We recognize that COVID-19 has increased all forms of gender-based violence and that women and girls facing multiple forms of discrimination are often at greatest risk. We commit to preventing, eliminating, and responding to gender-based violence through scaling-up support and implementation of evidence-based, survivor- and victim-centred policies and programs.

"In recognition of increased violence against women and girls during the COVID-19 crisis, we commit to preventing, responding to and eliminating all forms of sexual and gender-based violence (GBV). We will achieve this through women's empowerment and by scaling-up implementation of evidence-based, accessible survivor and victim-centred policies, prevention and support programmes, including through our pandemic response and recovery at home, in partner countries and in conflict zones."

C+

4. We reaffirm the Whistler Declaration on Gender Equality in Humanitarian Action, and as partners of the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies, commit to work together to strengthen the response to gender-based violence in conflict, humanitarian and other development contexts, including preventing and responding to conflict-related sexual violence.

"We acknowledge our collective responsibility to beneficiaries and partners, their communities, and survivors to do more to address sexual exploitation and abuse in international aid."

A+

5. We commit to work in collaboration to remove the obstacles to education that stand in girls' way, with the aim of having 40 million more girls in school by 2026 in low- and lower-middle-income countries; and 20 million more girls reading by age 10 or at the end of primary school in low- and lower-middle-income countries, by 2026.

"We commit to two new global SDG4 milestone girls' education targets: 40 million more girls in education by 2026 in low and lower-middle income countries; and 20 million more girls reading by age 10 or the end of primary school by 2026, in low and lower-middle income countries."

A

6. We commit to increase the effectiveness and accessibility of our climate finance, striving to advance gender equality and inclusion and reflect the needs and voices of marginalized groups, indigenous peoples and women and girls.

"We commit to working collaboratively with partners and stakeholders to drive global system change that works for all, prioritising the inclusion of Indigenous Peoples as well as local communities in co-design, decision-making and implementation, and recognising the interests of vulnerable and marginalised groups including people living in poverty, women and girls, people with disabilities, and youth."

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Economy: B+

Malhaar Moharir and Isabel Davis

Score

Goal

Match

B

1. We reiterate our commitment to working collaboratively to ensure economic growth for all G7 economies using coordinated policy tools and increased cooperation.

"We will collaborate more strongly between us and with allies on a new approach to economic resilience."

A

2. We reaffirm our commitment to not only ensure economic growth post–COVID-19, but to build a foundation for stronger growth, which includes ensuring economies are equipped for technological change and supporting clean growth for a more sustainable economic recovery.

"We will continue to support our economies for as long as is necessary, shifting the focus of our support from crisis response to promoting growth into the future, with plans that create jobs, invest in infrastructure, drive innovation, support people, and level up so that no place or person, irrespective of age, ethnicity or gender is left behind."

A

3. We recognize the need for greater resilience to shocks and vulnerabilities within an interconnected global economy and reaffirm our commitment to build and maintain resilient global supply chains through increased cooperation with private and public stakeholders.

"Our recoveries must ensure we build back more resilient. As we recover, these risks need addressing in a more coordinated way. We will collaborate more strongly between us and with allies on a new approach to economic resilience. We recognise climate change and growing inequalities as key risks for the global economy. We will consider mechanisms and share best practices to address risks to the resilience of the critical global supply chains, in areas such as critical minerals and semiconductors, reflecting on models used elsewhere such as stress-testing."

A

4. We reaffirm our previous commitments to promoting inclusive growth through effective labour policy, particularly targeting women and youth.

"We are determined to ensure our plans for recovery build back better for all including by strengthening education and upskilling, and facilitating labour market participation and transitions to 'level up' our economies so that no geographic region or person, irrespective of their gender, age, disability, ethnicity, sexual orientation or economic status, is left behind."

C

5. We commit to supporting economic recovery and post-COVID-19 development through promoting entrepreneurship and innovation, especially among micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.

"We ask the [Multilateral Development Banks]  and especially the World Bank to mobilise more private financing into Africa by developing and reinforcing the relevant risk sharing instruments for the benefit of African small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)."

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Trade: B+

Nadiya Kovalenko

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We reaffirm our commitment to a modernized rules-based multilateral trading system that is free, fair, sustainable, and beneficial to all countries and peoples.

"We stand united in our commitment to free and fair trade as foundational principles and objectives of the rules-based multilateral system. We agree on the need for the world's leading democratic nations to unite behind a shared vision to ensure the multilateral trading system is reformed, with a modernised rulebook and a reformed World Trade Organization (WTO) at its centre, to be free and fair for all, more sustainable, resilient and responsive to the needs of global citizens. We will maintain a particular focus on ensuring that the prosperity trade can bring is felt in all parts of our countries and by all peoples across the globe, especially the poor."

C

2. We will coordinate our efforts to mitigate the damage of the COVID-19 pandemic to cross-border trade flows and strengthen the resilience of global supply chains.

"The COVID-19 pandemic has illustrated the risk to economic resilience posed by global crises and shocks. … We will consider mechanisms and share best practices to address risks to the resilience of the critical global supply chains, in areas such as critical minerals and semiconductors, reflecting on models used elsewhere such as stress-testing. We will also enhance our cooperation on investment security within our G7 Investment Screening Expert Group, to ensure we are resilient in our openness to all, able to tackle risks in keeping with our shared principles of open markets, transparency and competition."

A

3. We will work to advance the agenda of the upcoming 12th World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference and to accelerate the reform of the WTO that would make it a more effective forum for negotiations and dispute settlements between its members.

"Looking ahead to the 12th WTO Ministerial Conference (MC12) in November, we will work with other WTO members to make progress on immediate issues, including reaching a meaningful conclusion to the multilateral negotiation on fisheries subsidies and advancing negotiations on e-commerce. We also welcome the work undertaken towards the conclusion of the negotiations under the Joint Statement Initiative on Services Domestic Regulation by its participants. … We invite Trade Ministers to support the wider WTO membership to deliver an ambitious outcome at MC12 to bolster women's participation in trade and economic empowerment."

A

4. We will coordinate our efforts to combat market-distorting practices and trade protectionism, especially with regards to vaccines and other health products, by encouraging cooperation between governments and manufacturers to expand the production and distribution of these goods.

We will work together at the WTO and with the wider WTO membership ahead of MC12 to advance the … modernisation of the global trade rulebook so that it … strengthens rules to protect against unfair practices, such as forced technology transfer, intellectual property theft, lowering of labour and environmental standards to gain competitive advantage, market-distorting actions of state owned enterprises, and harmful industrial subsidies, including those that lead to excess capacity "

B

5. We will commit to ensuring a fully free trade in environmental goods and services among the G7 members and working together to facilitate sustainable supply chains.

"We endorse the conclusions of G7 Trade Ministers on promoting the transition to sustainable supply chains, and acknowledge the risk of carbon leakage, and will work collaboratively to address this risk and to align our trading practices with our commitments under the Paris Agreement."

B

6. We will cooperate to promote global digital trade and ensure that digital markets are competitive, transparent, and accessible to consumers and businesses.

"Based on the work of our Digital and Technology Ministers, we agree the focus of our cooperation for this year will be a structured dialogue around specific areas:…

  • "Enabling businesses to use electronic transferable records in order to generate efficiencies and economic savings to support the global economic recovery. In support of this aim we endorse the Framework for G7 Collaboration on Electronic Transferable Records.
  • "Securing supply chains. Recognising the foundational role that telecommunications infrastructure, including 5G and future communication technologies, plays and will play in underpinning our wider digital and ICT infrastructure we will promote secure, resilient, competitive, transparent and sustainable and diverse digital, telecoms, and ICT infrastructure supply chains.
  • "Deepening cooperation on Digital Competition in order to drive innovation across the global economy, enhancing consumer choice. We recognise that there is increasing international consensus that participants with significant market power can exploit their power to hold back digital markets and the wider economy. Therefore, building on the 2019 French G7 Presidency's common understanding on 'Competition and the Digital Economy', we will work together through existing international and multilateral fora to find a coherent way to encourage competition and support innovation in digital markets."

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Digital: B

Matthew Kieffer

Score

Goal

Match

A−

1. We will work to ensure universal, secure, and affordable connectivity, which is crucial for the digital economy and inclusive growth.

"We commit to preserve an open, interoperable, reliable and secure internet, one that is unfragmented, supports freedom, innovation and trust which empowers people. If used properly, technologies can help us strengthen health capacities, tackle environmental threats, widen access to education and open new economic opportunities. We will leverage these technologies to advance tech for the common good and promote digital literacy worldwide."

A+

2. We will work to foster data freedom within a rules-based, open, fair and non-discriminatory system that ensures data protection, intellectual property rights and cyber security.

"We agree the focus of our cooperation for this year will be a structured dialogue around …  championing data free flow with trust, to better leverage the potential of valuable data-driven technologies while continuing to address challenges related to data protection. To that end we endorse our Digital Ministers' Roadmap for Cooperation on Data Free Flow with Trust."

A+

3. We will work to address problems related to data-breaches, privacy, and cyber terrorism.

"We affirm our support of the Christchurch Call, emphasising the need for respecting freedoms of speech and peoples' reasonable expectation of privacy and further invite G7 Interior Ministers to continue work on preventing and countering Violent Extremist and Terrorist Use of the Internet begun in Ischia in 2017 and continued in Toronto in 2018 and Paris in 2019. We commit to work together to further a common understanding of how existing international law applies to cyberspace and welcome the work of our Foreign Ministers to promote this approach at the UN and other international fora. We also commit to work together to urgently address the escalating shared threat from criminal ransomware networks. We call on all states to urgently identify and disrupt ransomware criminal networks operating from within their borders, and hold those networks accountable for their actions."

F

4. We will work to address the risks and regulatory issues associated with digital payments, such as financial stability, consumer protection, privacy, taxation, cyber security, money laundering, terrorist financing, legal certainty, and ransom ware attacks.

 

B

5. We recognize the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to advance the Sustainable Development Goals and will support the development of AI that is grounded in inclusion, human rights, and economic growth.

"Building on the work of the Global Partnership for Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) advanced by the Canadian and French G7 Presidencies in 2018 and 2019, we will aim to rally all partners around our open and human centric approach to artificial intelligence looking forward to the GPAI Summit in Paris in November 2021."

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Crime: C+

Sofia Shatrova

Score

Goal

Match

B+

1. We commit to promoting global transparency in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, involving international organizations, civil society, the media, and the private sector.

"Strengthening transparency and accountability, including reiterating our commitment to the full implementation of, and improved compliance with, the International Health Regulations 2005. This includes investigating, reporting and responding to outbreaks of unknown origin. We also call for a timely, transparent, expert-led, and science-based WHO-convened Phase 2 COVID-19 Origins study including, as recommended by the experts' report, in China."

F

2. We commit to preventing corruption related to COVID-19 by promoting transparency around the use of economic stimulus packages and other financial resources.

 

B

3. We commit to creating common data standards to facilitate the sharing of information within and across organizations, industries, regulators and law enforcement authorities worldwide.

"We support the establishment of the international pathogen surveillance network - a global pandemic radar - and welcome the WHO's commitment to work with experts and countries to help achieve this, based on a common framework, including standards and rules for sharing data, that builds on existing detection systems such as the influenza and polio programmes but with greater capacity for genomic sequencing and broader in coverage."

A−

4. We commit to protecting democratic systems while preventing interference with human rights and fundamental freedoms, disinformation, and election interference.

"As democratic societies we support global institutions in their efforts to protect human rights, respect the rule of law, advance gender equality, manage tensions between states, address conflict, instability and climate change, and share prosperity through trade and investment. That open and resilient international order is in turn the best guarantor of security and prosperity for our own citizens."

C−

5. We commit to fight against corruption and financial crime to achieve the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals.

"We commit to: increase cooperation on supporting democracy, including through strengthening the G7 Rapid Response Mechanism to counter foreign threats to democracy including disinformation; strengthen media freedom and ensure the protection of journalists; support freedom of religion or belief; condemn racism in all its forms; address human rights abuses, including the failure to protect civilians in conflict; oppose the practice of arbitrary detention, including by amplifying the Declaration Against Arbitrary Detention in State-to-State Relations and welcoming its Partnership Action Plan; and recognise the need for action on corruption, including by sharing information on illicit financial activities, tackling the misuse of shell companies, and curtailing the ability of illicit actors to hide wealth, including in real estate."

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Terrorism: B−

Gabby Regimbal

Score

Goal

Match

C

1. We commit to preventing weapons-sales from falling into the hands of terrorist organizations through both direct trade and in encouraging diligence when doing trade with militarily-affiliated corporations.

"We condemn Iran's support to proxy forces and non-state armed actors, including through financing, training and the proliferation of missile technology and weapons."

B

2. We will support states and civil society organizations in addressing the cause of piracy on the high seas and support the Global Counterterrorism Forum's Initiative on Maritime Security and Terrorist Travel to combat the shift in terrorist movement and activity to the maritime sector.

"We affirm our support of the Christchurch Call, emphasising the need for respecting freedoms of speech and peoples' reasonable expectation of privacy and further invite G7 Interior Ministers to continue work on preventing and countering Violent Extremist and Terrorist Use of the Internet begun in Ischia in 2017 and continued in Toronto in 2018 and Paris in 2019."

A

3. We commit to strengthening the G7-Africa partnership in order to boost stability and peacekeeping efforts throughout the region.

"We are resolved to deepen our current partnership to a new deal with Africa, including by magnifying support from the International Monetary Fund for countries most in need to support our aim to reach a total global ambition of $100 billion."

C

4. We commit to supporting an end to the Taliban's targeted violence towards women, journalists, and human rights activists in Afghanistan and encourage humanitarian access to the region.

"We call on all Afghan parties to reduce violence and agree on steps that enable the successful implementation of a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire and to engage fully with the peace process. In Afghanistan, a sustainable, inclusive political settlement is the only way to achieve a just and durable peace that benefits all Afghans. We are determined to maintain our support for the Afghan government to address the country's urgent security and humanitarian needs, and to help the people of Afghanistan, including women, young people and minority groups, as they seek to preserve hard-won rights and freedoms."

C

5. We commit to supporting the Government of Mozambique in fighting terrorist groups in Cabo Delgado and support Mozambique in cooperating with the international community to address the root causes of the increasing instability and violence.

"While acknowledging the increased international mobilisation and the progress in the fight against terrorism in the Sahel, we express our concern about the continuing attacks targeting civilian populations, and the deepening humanitarian crisis. We urge all actors to respect human rights and international humanitarian law. We will deliver on our commitments to renew efforts to address drivers of instability, with a focus on political and civilian dimensions of the "civil surge" agreed upon by the governments of the G5 Sahel and their partners, gathered in the Sahel coalition, at the N'Djamena summit in February 2021."

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Proliferation: D−

Ninar Fawal

Score

Goal

Match

C+

1. We affirm our commitment to upholding the highest national standards in confronting counter-proliferation challenges through transparency and openness in our practices. We plan to support states to improve their own standards by sharing resources and expertise and by delivering capacity-building and threat reduction assistance, including through the Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction.

"We are committed to ensuring that Iran will never develop a nuclear weapon. We welcome the substantive discussions between Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) participants, and separately  with the United States, to accomplish a return of the United States and Iran to their JCPoA commitments.  We support the goal of restoring the nonproliferation benefits of the JCPoA and of ensuring the exclusively  peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme. We urge Iran to stop and reverse all measures that reduce  transparency and to ensure full and timely cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency. A  restored and fully-implemented JCPoA could also pave the way to further address regional and security  concerns. We condemn Iran's support to proxy forces and non-state armed actors, including through  financing, training and the proliferation of missile technology and weapons. We call on Iran to stop all  ballistic missile activities and proliferation inconsistent with UNSCR 2231 and other relevant resolutions,  refrain from destabilising actions and play a constructive role in fostering regional stability and peace."

F

2. We recognize the essential role of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in ensuring global nuclear non-proliferation and we are determined to work towards a meaningful outcome at the 2021 NPT Review Conference that advances NPT's implementation across all three of its pillars.

 

F

3. We intend to push for the universalization of key safeguards agreements including Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements, the Additional Protocol, and, where applicable, the revised Small Quantities Protocol, which represent the de facto safeguards standard under the NPT.

 

D

4. We commit to continue supporting the United Nations Secretary-General's Mechanism to investigate alleged uses of chemical, biological or toxin weapons, and commit to cooperate with partners so that the mechanism is properly resourced and fully prepared to conduct effective investigations when needed.

"In particular, we call on Russia to urgently investigate and credibly explain the use of a chemical weapon on its soil, to end its systematic crackdown on independent civil society and media, and to identify, disrupt, and hold to account those within its borders who conduct ransomware attacks, abuse virtual currency to launder ransoms, and other cybercrimes."

F

5. We recognize the importance of and commit to early negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons, and other nuclear explosive devices, on the basis of consensus and with the participation of all countries relevant to a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty.

 

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Regional Security: B+

Kaylin Dawe

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We reaffirm our support for Ukraine's independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders including its territorial waters.

"We reiterate our support for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders."

A+

2. We are committed to supporting the democratic aspirations of the Belarusian people and to holding those responsible for human rights violations to account.

"We are deeply concerned by the Belarusian authorities' continuing attacks on human rights, fundamental freedoms and international law, as exemplified by the forced landing of flight FR4978 and the arrest of an independent journalist and his partner. We will work together to hold those responsible to account, including through imposing sanctions, and to continue to support civil society, independent media and human rights in Belarus. We call on the regime to: change course and implement all the recommendations of the independent expert mission under the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe's (OSCE) Moscow Mechanism; enter into meaningful dialogue with all sectors of society; and hold new free and fair elections."

A+

3. We are committed to ensuring that Iran will never develop a nuclear weapon.

"We are committed to ensuring that Iran will never develop a nuclear weapon."

A−

4. We reaffirm our determination to strengthen partnerships with African countries, regional organizations and the African Union, building on the progress made under recent presidencies.

"We will develop a new partnership to build back better for the world, through a step change in our approach to investment for infrastructure, including through an initiative for clean and green growth. We are resolved to deepen our current partnership to a new deal with Africa, including by magnifying support from the International Monetary Fund for countries most in need to support our aim to reach a total global ambition of $100 billion."

D−

5. We reiterate our commitment to promoting a cooperative system of international governance for the ocean and seas and to maintaining the rules-based maritime order based on international law.

"We will support the transition to sustainable management and use of natural resources, and use appropriate levers to address unsustainable and illegal activities negatively impacting nature, and therefore livelihoods. This includes stepping up action to tackle increasing levels of plastic pollution in the ocean, including working through the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA) on options including strengthening existing instruments and a potential new agreement or other instrument to address marine plastic litter, including at UNEA-5.2"

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Assessments: Goals Set by Member

For the 2021 Cornwall Summit to be assessed as successful for a member, the outcome documents needed to match the text of the goals set as closely as possible. They are listed here in order of importance.

Canada: A−

Isabel Davis

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We commit to working with the international community (such as the World Health Organization and United Nations) for a coordinated response to COVID-19 that ensures the open exchange of information and equitable vaccine deployment.

"To this end, we will support the ACT-A Facilitation Council Working Group together with the World Health Organisation (WHO), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, UNICEF and other partners such as the Medicines Patent Pool and the private sector, to coordinate a global vaccine supply network to optimise manufacturing capacities for safe and effective vaccines and other pandemic tools, and to share information about supply chains."

A−

2. We commit to ensuring a strong economic recovery post–COVID-19 which includes building fairer trading systems, fighting climate change and ensuring clean growth to build a cleaner and more competitive world.

"We will develop a new partnership to build back better for the world, through a step change in our approach to investment for infrastructure, including through an initiative for clean and green growth."

A

3. We commit to broadening how we look at economic growth to ensure that everyone is supported, this includes re-training for workers to keep up with technological change, addressing gender inequalities in the labour force, and mitigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic for those disproportionately impacted to foster sustainable growth for all.

"We will continue to support our economies for as long as is necessary, shifting the focus of our support from crisis response to promoting growth into the future, with plans that create jobs, invest in infrastructure, drive innovation, support people, and level up so that no place or person, irrespective of age, ethnicity or gender is left behind."

A+

4. We reaffirm our commitment to support the most vulnerable countries impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic through our commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and in partnership with Africa to support a strong recovery.

"As we advance recovery plans to support our economies and build back better, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including through innovative measures and massive budgetary support, developing partner countries, especially in Africa, cannot be left behind. We are deeply concerned that the pandemic has set back progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals and continues to exacerbate global inequalities, and therefore recommit to enhance our efforts to achieve the SDGs by 2030, including by supporting the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) and aligning financial flows with the SDGs. We take note of the policy options developed through the Financing for Development in the Era of COVID-19 and Beyond Initiative."

A−

5. We commit to strengthening democratic institutions around the world and stress the need to ensure respect for human rights, defend the rule of law, and prevent persecution and mistreatment in the world to build stronger democracies.

"We commit to: increase cooperation on supporting democracy, including through strengthening the G7 Rapid Response Mechanism to counter foreign threats to democracy including disinformation; strengthen media freedom and ensure the protection of journalists; support freedom of religion or belief; condemn racism in all its forms; address human rights abuses, including the failure to protect civilians in conflict; oppose the practice of arbitrary detention, including by amplifying the Declaration Against Arbitrary Detention in State-to-State Relations and welcoming its Partnership Action Plan; and recognise the need for action on corruption, including by sharing information on illicit financial activities, tackling the misuse of shell companies, and curtailing the ability of illicit actors to hide wealth, including in real estate."

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France: A

Nammal Khan and Sofia Shatrova

Score

Goal

Match

A−

1. We remain committed to implementing and enforcing laws that emphasize women and girl's empowerment and recognize the importance of women in a post–COVID-19 economy.

"We are determined to ensure our plans for recovery build back better for all including by strengthening education and upskilling, and facilitating labour market participation and transitions to 'level up' our economies so that no geographic region or person, irrespective of their gender, age, disability, ethnicity, sexual orientation or economic status, is left behind."

A+

2. We commit to establishing more resilient health systems and advancing better pandemic prevention and preparedness against future threats.

"We place particular emphasis on … increasing the resilience of global health systems to deal with outbreaks of emerging and enduring pathogens, including by investing in the health and care workforce worldwide to build capacity and keep health care workers safe."

A+

3. We reaffirm our commitment to tackle climate change and ensure environmental protection by working to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

"We collectively commit to ambitious and accelerated efforts to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest, recognising the importance of significant action this decade."

B+

4. We commit to strengthening multilateral trade through transparent international rules to promote economic advancement and long-term resilience.

"We agree on the need for the world's leading democratic nations to unite behind a shared vision to ensure the multilateral trading system is reformed, with a modernised rulebook and a reformed World Trade Organization (WTO) at its centre, to be free and fair for all, more sustainable, resilient and responsive to the needs of global citizens."

A+

5. We commit to cooperating with COVAX to improve global access to vaccines and to allocating a portion of domestic vaccine supplies to developing nations.

"We reaffirm our support for the ACT-A and its COVAX Facility as the primary route for providing vaccines to the poorest countries."

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Germany: A−

Dorota Borovsky

Score

Goal

Match

B

1. We commit to continuing to protect and support our citizens' health and well-being throughout the coronavirus pandemic and as we transition out of a pandemic era.

"We agree to support a robust global recovery from COVID-19, ensuring that countries are able to effectively address the indirect impacts on physical and mental health and broader socio-economic consequences of the pandemic."

A

2. We commit to providing funds, resources, and expertise to countries around the world dealing with outbreaks of COVID-19 to protect the global community, particularly to those who are most vulnerable and in need.

"We therefore commit both to strengthen global action now to fight COVID-19, and to take further tangible steps to improve our collective defences against future threats and to bolster global health and health security."

A

3. We commit to investing in research and programs that will help us to better understand emerging pathogens and ways that we can prepare ourselves and the world for any future pandemic, by using what we have learned from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

"We will harness the power and potential of data, digital technologies, science and research to improve prevention, detection and response to future pandemic threats."

A

4. We reaffirm our commitment to our Climate Action Plan 2050 and our commitments made under the Paris Agreement to become greenhouse gas-neutral by 2050, by providing financial incentives for transitions to renewable energy sources and diminishing subsidies for non-renewable energy resources.

"As G7 members, we all reaffirm our commitment to the Paris Agreement and to strengthening and accelerating its implementation through robust national policies and measures and scaled up international cooperation. To this end we collectively commit to ambitious and accelerated efforts to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest, recognising the importance of significant action this decade."

A

5. We commit to helping provide peaceful, permanent, and mutually beneficial solutions to ongoing conflicts in North Africa, and in the Near and Middle East, such that the interests of the most vulnerable members of these communities as well as the future prosperity of these regions are protected and ensured.

"While acknowledging the increased international mobilisation and the progress in the fight against terrorism in the Sahel, we express our concern about the continuing attacks targeting civilian populations, and the deepening humanitarian crisis. We urge all actors to respect human rights and international humanitarian law"

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Italy: A

Matthew Kieffer and Gabby Regimbal

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We will commit to distributing vaccines to achieve global resistance to COVID-19, prioritizing the most vulnerable states.

"Recognising that ending the pandemic in 2022 will require vaccinating at least 60 per cent of the global population, we will intensify our action to save lives. Our international priority is to accelerate the rollout of safe and effective, accessible and affordable vaccines for the poorest countries, noting the role of extensive immunisation as a global public good."

A+

2. We will commit to combating climate change, the effects of which are becoming increasingly serious, in ways that involve adaptation and resilience to environmental changes.

"Through global action and concerted leadership, 2021 should be a turning point for our planet as we commit to a green transition that cuts emissions, increases adaptation action worldwide, halts and reverses biodiversity loss, and, through policy and technological transformation, creates new high quality jobs and increases prosperity and wellbeing...we commit to accelerating efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions and keep the 1.5°C global warming threshold within reach, strengthening adaptation and resilience to protect people from the impacts of climate change, halting and reversing biodiversity loss, mobilising finance and leveraging innovation to reach these goals."

A−

3. We will support a sustainable economic recovery, with special consideration for the most vulnerable states, from the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Our recoveries must ensure we build back more resilient. As we recover, these risks need addressing in a more coordinated way. We will collaborate more strongly between us and with allies on a new approach to economic resilience. We recognise climate change and growing inequalities as key risks for the global economy. We will consider mechanisms and share best practices to address risks to the resilience of the critical global supply chains, in areas such as critical minerals and semiconductors, reflecting on models used elsewhere such as stress-testing... Our solutions will be built on our shared principles of openness, sustainability, inclusion, innovation and competition will help retain and reinforce the benefits of open markets; without them, we risk a future of normalised volatility and fragmentation in the global economy."

A+

4. We commit to strengthening the multilateral trading system, fighting protectionism, and creating a level playing field.

"Promote economic openness and resilience and oppose economic coercion by reasserting our shared economic model, which is founded on open markets, fair competition, and the rule of law, and by reforming the World Trade Organization; Prevent and tackle corruption and illicit financial flows and promote integrity, transparency and accountability; Promote respect for internationally accepted norms that drive inclusivity and protect digital civic-space, including through capacity building, and ensure that the design and application of new technologies reflect our shared values, respect human rights and international law, promote diversity and embed principles of public safety;"

A

5. We will commit to protecting the human rights of civilians and non-combatants in accordance with international humanitarian law, especially internally displaced people in conflict areas.

"As democratic societies we support global institutions in their efforts to protect human rights, respect the rule of law, advance gender equality, manage tensions between states, address conflict, instability and climate change, and share prosperity through trade and investment. That open and resilient international order is in turn the best guarantor of security and prosperity for our own citizens."

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Japan: A

Kaylin Dawe and Samantha Moura Novais de Quadros

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We are committed to taking decisive climate action by 2030, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 46 percent, and achieving net zero emissions by 2050.

"We commit to net zero no later than 2050, halving our collective emissions over the two decades to 2030, increasing and improving climate finance to 2025; and to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of our land and oceans by 2030. We acknowledge our duty to safeguard the planet for future generations.

A

2. We are committed to a new financial contribution of US$200 million to the COVAX facility and to support access to vaccines for lower-income countries.

"We reaffirm our support for the ACT-A and its COVAX Facility as the primary route for providing vaccines to the poorest countries. Since the start of the pandemic, we have committed $8.6 billion to the vaccines pillar of ACT-A to finance the procurement of vaccines, including $1.9 billion since we last met in February. This provides for the equivalent of over one billion doses."

B+

3. We are committed to the complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantlement of all weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles of all ranges, and agreed to demand North Korea to fulfill its obligations under United Nations Security Council resolutions.

"We call for the complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula and the verifiable and irreversible abandonment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's (DPRK) unlawful weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programmes in accordance with all relevant UN Security Council resolutions. We call on all states to fully implement these resolutions and their associated sanctions."

A

4. We reiterate our commitment to actively contribute to international discussions and efforts so that freedom, basic human rights, and the rule of law can be guaranteed in any country or region.

"We commit to: increase cooperation on supporting democracy, including through strengthening the G7 Rapid Response Mechanism to counter foreign threats to democracy including disinformation; strengthen media freedom and ensure the protection of journalists; support freedom of religion or belief; condemn racism in all its forms; address human rights abuses, including the failure to protect civilians in conflict; oppose the practice of arbitrary detention, including by amplifying the Declaration Against Arbitrary Detention in State-to-State Relations and welcoming its Partnership Action Plan"

A+

5. We firmly condemn violence committed by the Myanmar military and police against civilians, and commit to continue taking action to press for the immediate cessation of violence, the release of those who are detained, and a swift return to democracy.

"We condemn in the strongest terms the military coup in Myanmar, and the violence committed by Myanmar's security forces, and we call for the immediate release of those detained arbitrarily. We pledge our support to those advocating peacefully for a stable and inclusive democracy. Recalling ASEAN's central role, we welcome its Five Point Consensus and urge swift implementation. We reiterate our commitment to ensuring that neither development assistance nor the sale of arms will benefit the military, and urge businesses to exercise due diligence in their trade and investment in the same vein. We reaffirm G7 unity on pursuing additional measures should they prove necessary."

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United Kingdom: A

Malhaar Moharir and Ninar Fawal

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We reaffirm our commitments to go beyond recovery of the global economy, but facilitate stronger long-term development and resilience through macroeconomic policy.

"Our plans for the recovery from COVID-19 need to put us on a path to strong, sustainable, balanced, inclusive and resilient growth by not only addressing the immediate challenges arising from the pandemic, but also the long-term shifts in the global economy and society, including demographic, technological, and environmental trends, and inequalities between and within countries, many of which have been magnified by the COVID-19 pandemic. Recognising the interconnected nature of these global challenges, we are taking an integrated approach to our shared commitments."

A

2. We commit to establishing a fairer rules-based international trading system that fights protectionism and creates a level playing field for all nations.

"We stand united in our commitment to free and fair trade as foundational principles and objectives of the rules-based multilateral system. We agree on the need for the world's leading democratic nations to unite behind a shared vision to ensure the multilateral trading system is reformed, with a modernised rulebook and a reformed World Trade Organization (WTO) at its centre, to be free and fair for all, more sustainable, resilient and responsive to the needs of global citizens. We will maintain a particular focus on ensuring that the prosperity trade can bring is felt in all parts of our countries and by all peoples across the globe, especially the poor."

A+

3. We reaffirm our commitments to fighting climate change by progressing towards a net zero G7 by 2050.

"As G7 members, we all reaffirm our commitment to the Paris Agreement and to strengthening and accelerating its implementation through robust national policies and 13 measures and scaled up international cooperation. To this end we collectively commit to ambitious and accelerated efforts to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest, recognising the importance of significant action this decade."

B

4. We commit to share the majority of any future surplus vaccines with the COVAX vaccine facility in order to ensure universal and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines.

"We reaffirm our support for the ACT-A and its COVAX Facility as the primary route for providing vaccines to the poorest countries. Since the start of the pandemic, we have committed $8.6 billion to the vaccines pillar of ACT-A to finance the procurement of vaccines, including $1.9 billion since we last met in February. This provides for the equivalent of over one billion doses. We welcome the recent successful COVAX Summit co-hosted by Japan and Gavi which mobilised financing pledges exceeding the COVAX AMC target. Recognising the urgent need to speed up delivery of doses, we are committing to share at least 870 million doses directly over the next year. We will make these doses available as soon as possible and aim to deliver at least half by the end of 2021 primarily channelled through COVAX towards those in greatest need. Taken together, the dose equivalent of our financial contributions and our direct dose sharing mean that the G7's commitments since the start of the pandemic provide for a total of over two billion vaccine doses. The commitments since we last met in February 2021 including here in Carbis Bay provide for one billion doses over the next year."

A+

5. In light of the disproportionate gendered impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we commit to prioritizing women and girls in addressing the global set-back to education in collaboration with developing country partners, multilateral institutions, civil society, girl-led groups and youth leaders.

"COVID-19 has exacerbated underlying inequalities, leading to one of the worst education crises in history for children around the world, but especially for the most marginalised and at risk girls. Around 11 million girls from pre-primary to secondary school are at risk of not returning to school. We commit to two new global SDG4 milestone girls' education targets: 40 million more girls in education by 2026 in low and lower-middle income countries; and 20 million more girls reading by age 10 or the end of primary school by 2026, in low and lower-middle income countries. We endorse the G7 Foreign and Development Ministers' Girls Education Declaration. These targets should be underpinned by sustainable financing and so today G7 members commit to a combined total pledge of at least $2¾ billion funding over the next 5 years for the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) ahead of its replenishment in July. We call on others to join with the G7 and make ambitious pledges to a fully funded GPE."

United States: A

Meagan Byrd and Maryanna Diab

Score

Goal

Match

A+

1. We are committed to health development in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, through maintaining an effective vaccine provision plan.

"Our international priority is to accelerate the rollout of safe and effective, accessible and affordable vaccines for the poorest countries, noting the role of extensive immunisation as a global public good."

A+

2. We are committed to continuing to harness economic recovery from the recession that was created due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We reaffirm the vitality of effective fiscal and monetary responses, in order to provide aid to businesses, and enterprises that were negatively affected from the post-pandemic economic downfall.

"Our plans for the recovery from COVID-19 need to put us on a path to strong, sustainable, balanced, inclusive and resilient growth by not only addressing the immediate challenges arising from the pandemic, but also the long-term shifts in the global economy and society, including demographic, technological, and environmental trends, and inequalities between and within countries, many of which have been magnified by the COVID-19 pandemic."

A

3. We reaffirm the importance of championing global shared values through strengthening our alliances and demonstrating the importance of transatlantic security and collective defence, in order to combat global challenges.

"The COVID-19 pandemic has illustrated the risk to economic resilience posed by global crises and shocks...Our solutions will be built on our shared principles of openness, sustainability, inclusion, innovation and competition will help retain and reinforce the benefits of open markets"

A+

4. We reinforce our commitments to multilateralism in order to advance our climate change policies in order to establish future prosperity in preserving the planet's biodiversity.

"The unprecedented and interdependent crises of climate change and biodiversity loss pose an existential threat to people, prosperity, security, and nature. Through global action and concerted leadership, 2021 should be a turning point for our planet as we commit to a green transition that cuts emissions, increases adaptation action worldwide, halts and reverses biodiversity loss, and, through policy and technological transformation, creates new high quality jobs and increases prosperity and wellbeing."

A−

5. We affirm our commitment to export unused COVID-19 vaccines to developing countries globally.

"Our international priority is to accelerate the rollout of safe and effective, accessible and affordable vaccines for the poorest countries, noting the role of extensive immunisation as a global public good."

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European Union: A

Gurleen Mann and Nadiya Kovalenko

Score

Goal

Match

A

1. We will use all available fiscal and monetary policy tools to offset the economic disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen long-term development of the global economy.

"To mitigate the impact of the pandemic, we have provided unprecedented support to citizens and businesses, including to retain jobs and support incomes and keep businesses afloat, totalling over $12 trillion including fiscal support and liquidity measures. We will continue to support our economies for as long as is necessary, shifting the focus of our support from crisis response to promoting strong, resilient, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth into the future. Once the recovery is firmly established, we need to ensure the long-term sustainability of public finances to enable us to respond to future crises and address longer-term structural challenges, including for the benefit of future generations."

A

2. We reaffirm our commitment to environmental protection and sustainability by working to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and achieve a net zero emissions level by 2050.

"As G7 members, we all reaffirm our commitment to the Paris Agreement and to strengthening and accelerating its implementation through robust national policies and measures and scaled up international cooperation. To this end we collectively commit to ambitious and accelerated efforts to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest, recognising the importance of significant action this decade. In line with this goal, we have each committed to increased 2030 targets and, where not done already, commit to submit aligned Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) as soon as possible ahead of COP26, which will cut our collective emissions by around half compared to 2010 or over half compared to 2005. … we will continue to increase our efforts to keep a limit of 1.5°C temperature rise within reach and chart a G7 pathway towards Net Zero economies. We call on all countries, in particular major emitting economies, to join us in these goals as part of a global effort, stepping up their commitments to reflect the highest possible ambition and transparency on implementation under the Paris Agreement."

A

3. We will commit to multilateral cooperation in strengthening global health security through health financing, rapid response mechanisms, and knowledge sharing.

"Our immediate focus is beating COVID-19 and we set a collective goal of ending the pandemic in 2022. The COVID-19 pandemic is not under control anywhere until it is under control everywhere. In an interconnected world global health and health security threats respect no borders. We therefore commit both to strengthen global action now to fight COVID-19, and to take further tangible steps to improve our collective defences against future threats and to bolster global health and health security. This includes strengthening the World Health Organization (WHO) and supporting it in its leading and coordinating role in the global health System."

A

4. We reaffirm our commitment to affordable and equitable access to vaccination, medication and therapeutics, and health technologies, globally.

"We recognise that we have a long way to go to achieve global equitable access to ... medical tools, and to manage the risks from new COVID-19 variants which have the potential to reverse our progress."

A

5. We recognize the disparate and damaging effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on women and girls' economic opportunity and participation, and commit to the meaningful inclusion and participation of all women in decision-making post-pandemic.

"As we support global economic recovery, we must also recognise the significant impacts of the pandemic, notably the devastating and disproportionate impact on women and girls and on vulnerable and marginalised populations. We call on multilateral institutions, governments and the private sector to work together to mitigate further strain on systems and communities, as well as to regain development losses."

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